China’s Tibet as a tourist destination
Tibet is one of China’s most picturesque provinces. It is also known
as the roof of the world. It is rich in scenic beauty and situated in
the Southwest of China. This part of China is also known as “Zang” is
short. The area of this part of China is 1.2 M S.K.M. and the population
is 2.62 million. The average elevation of this country is 4000 meters.
The crystal clear water that cascade down the valleys and the snow
capped mountains makes an enchanting and a pleasing view almost
everywhere in Tibet.
Several mountain tops belonging to Himalayan Range is situated in
Tibet. More than 1500 lakes enhance the beauty of this land. As a result
it has become one of the sought after tourist destinations of China.
Every Chinese yearn to visit at least once in their lifetime.
Potala Palace - situated in the roof of the world
Chinese Tibet lay claim to a fairly long historical past and a
equally long religio-culture. Even the folk drama has it roots running
back is several hundred years. There are more than 1700 temples in Tibet
and among them the Potala Palace, Jokhang Monastery and Norbu linka are
UNESCO endorsed world cultural heritage sites.
In this article I will try to highlight several places which have
become tourist attractions. The place that most tourists love to visit
in Tibet is the Potala Palace. This palace is situated in the area
called Red mountain. This Palace was built in 7th century by Wenecheng
Princess of Hang Dynasty and the Nepalese’s Princess Songtran lambo.
This palace is 120 meters tall and 360 meters wide. The interior is
about 90000 square feet in area. This palace is divided into two parts
called the white palace and the red palace and both built in
compatibility to the architecture of Tibet. Many olden culture relics
such as Sutras, images of Buddha Thangkas are well preserved in the
palace. In 1994 UNESCO inscribed it on the list of world heritage.
Next important historical site is Jokhang monastery which was built
in 647 AD. This was originally built in wood and masonry. The
architectural style was not limited to Tibetan but a mixture of Han and
Nepalese. It is in possession of a wide range of invaluable cultural
collection of relics and most famous and valuable of these is the
Sculpture of Sakyamuni. It became a world heritage site of UNESCO in the
The Norbulinka Monastery is another famous tourist attraction. The
meaning of Norbulinka is Treasure park in Tibetan. This was completed in
1740 and covers an area of 40 hectares. Dalai Lama had used this to meet
his officials here during summer. From the outward appearance this
palace looks more like a south Chinese garden. It was inscribed on the
list of world heritage by UNESCO in 2001.
Out of all mountains in Tibet the Himalayan range is the most
prominent and most visited by tourists. Both tourists and mountain
climbers visit China as most of these mountains are situated in Tibet.
Mount Everest is located in the Tangre Country of Tibet, and it is also
known as Mount Qumolangma which mean third goddess in Tibetan. It is the
main peak of the Himalayan Range and the highest peak of the world,
standing 8848 meters above sea level. This peak is snow capped
throughout the year and reputed as the third pole of the world. Tibet is
actually clustered with 38 peaks at heights of more than 7000 meters.
Tibet has more than thousand lakes of different sizes. The most
famous among them is the Namco Lake, which means heavenly Lake in
Tibetan. It is located in the Dams Ceung country of Tibet and covers an
area of 1961 square km.
This Lake is the highest salt water lake in the world and respected
as one of the four holy lakes in Tibet by Buddhists. The water of this
lake is crystal clear and surrounded by a snow capped mountain which
enhances its beauty.
The central government has spent a colossal amount of money to
develop infrastructure facilities in relation to tourism. To build
express ways alone the central government has spent 20 Billion Yuan
between 1959 and 2008.