How LTTE guns and bombs shattered the Ceasefire
Before the signing of the CFA
* 1983 Tinnaveli-Jaffna -
Thirteen Army personnel killed in an LTTE attack.
Six Army personnel killed in a ensuing gun battle.
* 1987 - LTTE terrorists
attack on threatened villages in the East.
Innocent civilians chopped to death by blood thirsty terrorists.
* 1990 - Killing of
innocent civilians in Welioya, Trincomalee, Thampalagama and Ampara.
* 1990 April - LTTE bomb
blast opposite the Pettah Bodhi killing a large number of civilians.
* LTTE killed 700 Police personnel in the East.
* Killing of Police Intelligence personnel in Vavuniya.
* Attacks on Elephant Pass, Pooneryn and Mannar.
* Killing of Buddhist monk at Tanthirimale.
* Killing of the Viharadhipathi at the Dimbulagala Aranya Senasanaya.
* Bomb attack on the Kandy Sri Dalada Maligawa.
* Killing of Lt. Gen. Denzil Kobbekaduwa, Col. Stephen, Col. Palipana,
Commodore Jayamaha and Brig. Vijaya Wimalaratne.
* Killing of Brig. Hamangoda and Col. Bhathiya Jayatilleke.
* Attack on Mullaitivu Army camp killing nearly 1,000 soldiers.
* Killing of DIG Richard Wijesekara in Trincomalee.
* Attack on threatened villages in Polonnaruwa close to the
Somawathie Chetiya and chopping innocent civilians to death.
* Killing of 20 Police and Army personnel held in LTTE torture camps.
* Killing of three Army intelligence officers in Jaffna.
* Bomb attack in Colombo killing Navy Commander Admiral Clancey
* Killing of Deputy Defence Minister Ranjan Wijeratne.
* Bomb attack on a Presidential election meeting killing Gamini
Dissanayake, G. M. Premachandra, Weerasinghe Mallimarachchi, Dr. Gamini
Wijesekara, Ossie Abeygunasekara and several others.
* Killing of President Ranasinghe Premadasa.
* Aranthalawa massacre of Buddhist monks.
* Attacking passenger buses in Medawachchiya, Habarana, Ampara,
Thambalagama and Mannar and chopping hundreds of civilians including
children to death.
* Killing of LTTE Deputy Leader Mahendrarajah alias Mahattaya.
* 1993 - Mass murder, 36
innocent Tamils in Jaffna for opposing the LTTE.
* Attack on a wedding reception in Welikanda and killing a large
number attending the function.
* Attack on a house in Polonnaruwa and killing of several mourners
attending a funeral.
* Killing farmers working on their fields at Polonnaruwa.
* Killing of A. Thyagarajah, J. Rajasooriya and T. Pulendra.
* 1995 - Missile attack on
a plane killing over 100 soldiers.
* 1995 - Missile attack on
a plane killing over 100 people including three journalists, Army
personnel and civilian passengers.
* 1995 - Another missile
attack on a plane at Talawa, Anuradhapura killing a large number of
February 27: LTTE terrorists in the Batticaloa region abduct a
soldier of the Intelligence Unit of the Security Forces.
July 13: LTTE terrorists by force keep two members of the Sri Lanka
Monitoring Mission who had gone to inspect the Iranathivu area.
October 05: LTTE attack the EPDP Office at Delft in Jaffna.By the end
of the year 2002 the LTTE had violated the Cease Fire Agreement 556
Mudhitha ship belonging to the Sri Lanka Navy came under LTTE attack and
causing injury to four soldiers.
June 23: LTTE
shot down Sunil Thabrew, the OIC in charge of the Intelligence Unit at
February 23: LTTE shot
down Devanayagam Thiruchelvam, a lecturer at the Wandaramulla
University,Batticaloa at Kaladi. On the same day they shot down TNA MP,
Batticaloa District Candidate Rajan Sathyamurthi.
May 09: The LTTE shot a
Corporal of the Intelligence Unit of the Sri Lanka Army in Batticaloa
while he was travelling in a bus.
May 19: The LTTE Pistol
Unit shot down Sergeant Dasanayake attached to the Intelligence Unit of
the Special Task Force.
July 13: The LTTE woman
who had come to assassinate EPDP Leader Douglas Devananda explodes the
bomb at the Kollupitiya Police Station and kills four Policemen.
July 15: Two members
belong to Karuna faction were killed inside the cells at the Batticaloa
Prisons. The LTTE killed Ravindra, Chairman of Aliyaduwembu Pradeshiya
Sabha, Akkaraipattu, on the same day.
July 25: Eight members of
Karuna faction killed at Malabe.
July 30: The LTTE killed
Kandaiya Yogarajan, State Security informant at Kollupitiya.
August 16: They Killed
Iyar Balanawaraja, Media spokesman of the EPDP at Wellawatte.
August 24: Killed one more
member of the Karuna faction at the Akkaraipattu Courts premises.
Sep. 18: Thambithurai
Sivakumaran, the EPDP Puttalam District Organiser was shot down by the
Sep. 23: Central Committee
Senior Member of the EPDP Somasundaram Warnakulasingham killed by the
LTTE at Wellawatte.
October 03: Muslim school
teacher shot dead at the Welikanda Mosque.
Nov. 18: A Lance Corporal
who served as a spy of the Army Intelligence Unit shot down at
March 26: The
LTTE began ‘Eelam Television’ to serve the North and East using
Thirukkovil Divisional Secretary shot dead.
May 31: Commander,
Intelligence Unit of Sri Lanka Army Major Thuvan Muthaliff killed by the
05: LTTE killed SSP Charles
Wijewardene by cutting his throat.
August 12: Former Foreign
Affairs Minister Lakshman Kadirgamar was assassinated by the LTTE.
Sep. 10: Three officers of
the Child Protection Authority taken into LTTE Custody when they visited
Murukkan, Mannar in search of a suspect.
October 30: The LTTE
killed Thuvan Risvy Meedin attached to the Intelligence Unit of the Sri
Lanka Army at Kiribathgoda.
Dec. 04: Six Army soldiers
were killed due to bomb explosion on the same day, the A.L.M. Faleel,
Divisional Secretary, Kaththankudi was killed by the LTTE.
Dec. 06: One Lieutenant
and seven others were killed by an explosion of a bomb at Nallur.
Dec. 24: At Pesali 13
soldiers travelling in a bus were killed when the LTTE fired RPGs at
Dec. 25: Killing of TNA
Parliamentarian Joseph Parajasingham in Batticaloa.
January 8: Bomb attack
killing 15 sailors.
January 12: Claymore mine
attack killing nine naval personnel.
January 24: Simultaneous
minor bomb blasts at Nugegoda, Borella, Mt. Lavinia, Wattala and
Kiribathgoda. No casualties reported.
March 17: Attack on a
naval craft carrying SLMM observers. (No casualties)
April 11: LTTE attack on a
navy vehicle from Trincomalee to Colombo killing 10 Navy personnel.
Attempt to assassinate Defence Secretary
April 12: bomb explosion
at Trincomalee market killing 16 civilians and injuring 60 others.
April 16: LTTE
attacks at Vavuniya, Trincomalee and Jaffna killing 9 army personnel.
Chopping 5 civilians to death in Jaffna.
Breakdown of peace talks between the Government and the LTTE.
Abortive LTTE suicide attack on Army Commander Lt. Gen. Sarath Fonseka
at Army headquarters.
May 12: LTTE
bomb attack on Naval ship carrying 700 unarmed sailors.
July 15: Bomb
attack on a bus at Kebethigollewa killing 60 civilians and injuring 10
Failed attack on the Colombo harbour the same day.
Forcible closure of Verugal Aru anicut.
Claymore attack in Kabithigollewa
Killing of Minister Douglas Devananda’s clerk at Wellawatta.
Attempted attack on the Kalpitiya Naval base.
Attack on a ship carrying 854 Navy personnel. (no casualties)
Killing of 17 Muslim civilians.
Thwarted attack on Muttur jetty.
Attempt on the life of Former EPDP Parliamentarian Sangara Pillai.
Failed bid to capture Jaffna.
Killing of K. Loganathan, Deputy Secretary General of the Peace
Attempt on the life of former Pakistan High Commissioner.
LTTE suicide attack killing nearly 100 Naval personnel.
Attack on Southern Naval headquarters.
Killing of Parliamentarian Nadaraja Raviraj.
Attempt on the life of Defence Secretary Gotabhaya Rajapaksa.
5: LTTE bomb explosion in a civilian bus at Nittambuwa
killing six civilian passengers and injuring 63 others.
January 6: Bomb explosion
in civilian bus at Meetiyagoda killing 11 and injuring 42 others.
January 21: LTTE attack on
ship “City of Liverpool” at Pt. Pedro.
February 7: Killing of
Hindu priest at Eravur, Batticaloa.
February 28: Mortar attack
on planes carrying several foreign diplomats.
March 8: Killing of Army
and wild life officials on the Wilpattu reserve.
March 25: LTTE attack on
Katunayake Air Force base.
Attack near No Limit store, Nugegoda
March 26: Bomb attack on
civilians at Chenkaladi, Batticaloa.
April 2: Bomb attack on
civilian bus from Ampara to Badulla killing 16 and injuring 25 others.
April 22: Bomb attack on
civilian bus at Vavuniya.
April 28: Abortive LTTE
aerial attack on the Kolonnawa oil installations.
Nov. 28: Attempt on the
life of Minister Douglas Devananda which killed the Minister’s Public
Relations Officer. Bomb explosion at Nugegoda junction the same day
killing 19 civilians.In this manner the LTTE had flouted the terms of
the CFA on more than 8,500 occasions.
Tigers caused pain to thousands
The LTTE has never been known for adhering to ceasefires. It has
always seen ceasefires an opportunity to regain lost strength, re-arm
and re-train. Military analysts say that the LTTE enterers ceasefires
and negotiations when it is militarily weak and later, after regaining
strength, begins hostilities again.
LTTE unilaterally withdrew from ceasefires in 1990 and 1995, mainly by
staging attacks on military facilities. The idea of the just-annulled
ceasefire was mooted in 2001 December by the LTTE itself, declaring a
The then Government, with the facilitation of Norway, reciprocated
this gesture, which led to the signing of the Ceasefire Agreement in
February 2002. There was one major difference in the 2002 ceasefire -
there was a monitoring mechanism.
The Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission (SLMM), comprising Scandinavian
representatives, had a mandate to monitor and report violations. But it
could enforce the ceasefire in the strictest sense of the word or punish
any violators, collectively or individually.
Several rounds of peace talks were held during the ceasefire, but the
LTTE pulled out citing vague excuses.
The ceasefire was never an obstacle for the LTTE to engage in acts of
terrorism against military and civilian targets.
It violated the ceasefire over 3,000 times. Despite grave
provocations, the Government Forces stuck to the ceasefire and
retaliated only after the attack on the Army Commander in April 2006.
The LTTE’s acts of terror against the civilian population led the
Government to launch humanitarian missions to liberate the Eastern
masses. Now the Government Forces are poised to liberate the Northern
masses as well.