India resists calls to cut greenhouse emissions
INDIA: India said that it would not agree to any commitments
to cut greenhouse gas emissions under growing international pressure,
and instead pressed for greater collaboration on clean technologies.
New Delhi has already said it would reject such calls at this weekâ€™s
Group of Eight summit, where climate change will be a key topic, because
stricter limits would slow its booming economy.
â€śThere have been attempts to draw large developing countries such as
India and China into taking greenhouse gas emission reduction
commitments which is not as per the Kyoto Protocol,â€ť the environment
ministry said in a statement.
The 1997 Kyoto deal requires industrialised countries to reduce
emissions of six greenhouse gases by 5.2 percent by a target of
2008-2012 compared with their 1990 levels.
The United States and Australia have refused to ratify the treaty.
Blaming industrial nations for the problem, India called for further
commitments from them to limit greenhouse gas emissions.
â€śDeveloped countries should come forward and take further deeper
commitments beyond 2012,â€ť the ministry said, adding India contributed
only four percent to total global emissions.
US President George Bush said last month that he would urge rich
nations at the G8 summit in Heiligendamm in Germany to join a new global
framework for fighting climate change once the Kyoto Protocol lapses.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel has invited China, India and other
leading emerging nations to the summit. Together, India and China will
by 2015 produce more greenhouse gases than the US and Merkel has warned
that a new pact to replace Kyoto would be doomed unless they signed up.
Both the Asian giants have signed and ratified the Kyoto Protocol,
but are not included in targeted emission cuts.
Germany has called for a statement limiting worldwide temperature
rise this century to two degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) and
cuts to global greenhouse emissions to 50 percent below 1990 levels by
Global debate on climate change has acquired a new urgency as the
Kyoto Protocol, the only global agreement that sets specific targets for
reducing greenhouse gas emissions, expires at the end of 2012.
Talks on renewing the deal are under way, with the next round
scheduled to take place in Indonesia in December.
India said climate change would impact developing countries more and
expressed concern over its fallout on its agriculture â€” which employs
nearly 70 percent of the countryâ€™s workforce.
â€śIt will take decades for us to reach the level of the developed
countries of today,â€ť the government said.
â€śIn order to meet the demands of rising standards of living and
providing access to commercial energy to those lacking it, the total
emission of greenhouse gases is bound to increase in India.â€ť
The ministry said more than half of Indiaâ€™s 1.1 billion population
still did not have access to commercial energy supplies.
New Delhi, Tuesday, AFP.