Sexual assault and rape in US military
In spite of my most diligent efforts, there would unquestionably be
some raping - Gen. George S Patton
US Army 1942
The U.N. Security Council, chaired by Hillary Clinton, as the United
States holds the revolving presidency, unanimously passed a resolution
in a bid to stop sexual violence during conflicts and to end impunity,
Hillary Clinton remarked that rape was used as a weapon in Sri Lanka
during the armed conflict with the LTTE. As a matter of fact she has
forgotten the sexual violence caused by the US Army since WW II. This
article reveals some of the thought provoking factors related to sexual
assault and rape in the U.S. military.
War and sexual violence
Although rape has been closely linked with the history of warfare and
some view sexual violence as an inevitable concomitant of war in the
present context it is a war crime. The term rape refers to forcible
sexual intercourse with an unwilling partner. Rape involves varying
degrees of physical and psychological trauma. Rape is extremely
traumatizing. All rape victims suffer physical and psychological after
effects. The persistent practice of rape in war is evocative of the
misogyny of war as an extension of masculine hegemony.
US Army and sexual violence during World War II
For World War II, comprehensive statistics of prosecutions of
American military personnel are available for the European theatre of
operations. Those statistics indicate that rape was extensive.
US servicemen were accused of raping French women and when the
numbers were surging it alarmed the Overall Commander Gen. Dwight D.
Eisenhower and he issued a directive to U.S. Army Commanders announcing
his grave concern and instructing that speedy and appropriate
punishments be administered.
Rapes in Vietnam
In Vietnam, from January 1, 1965 to January 31, 1973, twenty Army
Personnel and one Air Force man were convicted of rape and 14 Army
Personnel were convicted of attempted rape or assault with intent to
commit rape. In Vietnam (1970-73), one Navy serviceman and 13 Marine
Corpsmen were convicted of rape. However, these conviction numbers in no
way reflect the actual number of incidents. Among these atrocities the
most horrific incident occurred in August 1967. A 13-year-old Vietnamese
child was raped by American MI interrogator of the Army's 196th Infantry
Brigade. The soldier was convicted only of indecent acts with a child
and assault. He served seven months and 16 days for his crime.
The Persian Gulf War
During the Persian Gulf War 24 female American military personnel
were subjected to rape, attempted rape, or sexual assault by American
military men, according to official records. During the last Gulf war, 8
percent of women sent overseas were sexually assaulted or raped,
according to a study by researchers for the Department of Veterans'
Rapes within the establishment
According to US feminine activist Lucinda Marshall there were 2,947
reports of sexual assaults in the military in 2006, an increase in
reports of 24 percent over 2005. More recently, there have been the
well-publicized cases of Lance Cpl. Maria Lauterbach who was murdered
after accusing another Marine of rape and Jamie Leigh Jones who says
that she was gang-raped while working for Halliburton/KBR in Iraq. Jones
claims that after she reported her rape, the company put her in a
shipping container and warned her that she would lose her job if she
left Iraq for medical treatment. Beth Jameson, a Major in the US Army
reserve, who was assigned to a large staging area in Kuwait. She was
raped on March 20, 2003, the first night of the war, in the shower block
during an alert for a feared chemical attack.
More than 200,000 women now serve in the US military, with at least
15,000 stationed in Iraq. The US Miles Foundation had received credible
reports of rape or sexual assault (in the period August 2002 to August
2003) from 243 women serving in the US military in Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain
The data suggests that nearly 1,400 women have been reported being
assaulted and raped by their fellow soldiers, in some cases by their
commanding officers. The Pentagon has released new reports in which
one-third of military women say they've been sexually harassed.
Torture of POWs by Pvt. Lynndie England of US Army
Lynndie England, a young female soldier from a poor town in West
Virginia, became a notorious symbol of sexual violence. She was found
guilty of sexually and psychologically abusing the POWs of Abu Ghraib
Pvt. Lynndie England was a United States Army reservist who served in
the 372nd Military Police Company. She was one of eleven military
personnel convicted in 2005 by the Army courts martial in connection
with the torture and prisoner abuse at the Abu Ghraib prison in Baghdad
during the occupation of Iraq.
The case of Abeer Qassim Hamza
Fourteen year old Abeer Qassim Hamza lived with her family a few
miles North of the Iraqi town of Mahmoudiya. On March 12, 2006 three US
soldiers went drinking and then changed out of their uniforms into dark
They burst into her house. According to the affidavit, Steven Green,
a private in the US Army, took Abeer's family -her mother, Fikhriya Taha;
her father, Qassim Hamza; and her 5-year-old sister, Hadeel Qassim Hamza
- into a bedroom and killed them. He came out, blood on his clothes,
bragging about what he'd just done. Then he and another soldier took
turns raping Abeer. When they were done, they shot and killed her. Then
they set fire to her body.
Steven Green, former US Soldier was convicted of the rape and murder
of 14-year-old Abeer al-Janabi and the killing of her mother, father and
six-year-old sister in Baghdad in 2006. In his trial Steven Green said I
am a Psychopath or a sexual predator or whatever. But if I had never
gone to Iraq I would never have got caught up in anything like this.