Sri Hanuman Jayanthi Vizha
Kalabhooshanam CHELVATAMBY MANICCAVASAGAR
|The Colombo, Dehiwela Sri
Anjaneyar Temple Chariot festival and Sri Hanuman Jayanthi Vizha
will be held on Friday 26.12.2008 and Saturday 27.12.2008
Sri Anjaneyar Temple, Dehiwela and Sri Chandrasekara Swamigal
Sri Hanuman is the embodiment and personification of physical
prowess, of mental and spiritual discipline, intellectual uprightness,
emotional balance and moral splendour.
According to Sage Valmiki, Sri Hanuman is the best of all characters.
To him Sri Hanuman represented the most cultured youth of his times. He
expressed maturity, intelligence, alertness, calmness, smartness,
nobility, humility, honesty, sincerity, valour, boldness, devotion,
respect, courtesy - all bundled up together. Sage Valmiki never missed
an occasion to show how Sri Hanuman promptly responded to the needs of
Sugriva, his master as well as to every spoken and unspoken orders of
his Lord, Sri Rama.
His command over the language fascinated Sri Rama when he first
introduced himself to his beloved Lord. He also exhibited extraordinary
tenacity and sustained enthusiasm during the apparent failures he faced
while searching for Sita Devi in Lanka.
After a long search when he was about to give up, he said to himself:
“Enthusiasm is the root of prosperity and it is the highest joy; it
promotes all endeavours and fulfils the actions for all beings, with
enthusiasm I should put forth more effort.”
Sri Hanuman was praised as the best of the servants by Sri Rama.
While he handed over the Chudamani, Sri Rama held it close to his heart
and extolled Sri Hanuman as Purushottama. He is the best among men, who
did much more than the different task entrusted by his master.
He was not only a true servant of his beloved Lord, but also for
everyone who sought his help. Even as a messenger of Sri Rama, Sri
Hanuman was very competent in communicating with Sita in Asoka Forest
and devised some means so that Sita may listen to his words without any
He addressed her in gentle words praising the noble qualities of Sri
Rama. Hearing these words from Sri Hanuman, Sita was extremely delighted
at the news of Rama. To Sita the heroic Hanuman appeared like the Asoka
flowers and she was deeply amazed and took Sri Hanuman to be a
The Hanuman, the effulgent son of Wind God, humbly approached Sita,
worshipped her and said that he had come as a messenger at Sri Rama’s
Hanuman fully realising Sita’s thoughts about Sri Rama, began to
speak in words pleasant to the ear, causing immense delight to her. He
said that ‘Great Rama is spirited like the Sun and beautiful like the
Moon. Everyone is warmly devoted to him. He is prosperous like Kubera
and heroic like Lord Vishnu.
Further, in order to create confidence in Sita’s mind, Sri Hanuman
gave a ring with Rama’s name engraved on it. Hanuman said that Sri Rama
has made it and he had brought it for her confidence. He comforted Sita
by saying that her sorrow would soon be over. Undoubtedly, Sri Hanuman
was an envoy par excellence.
Furthermore, tradition sings of Sri Hanuman’s birth as a child of
Vayu, the Wind God. However, his tremendous strength was born out of
humility and surrender to Sri Rama. Indeed, Sri Hanuman is one of
perfection, a personification of erudition, culture, competency and
Sri Anjaneyar Temple which is dedicated to Sri Hanuman is situated at
(Vihara Lane, Wellawatte), Sri Bodhirukkarama Road, Kalubowila, Dehiwela
is a miraculous temple and thousands of devotees both Buddhists and
Hindus visit this temple.
Sri Chandrasekara Swamigal of this temple is rendering remarkable
spiritual service to the devotees irrespective of caste, religion and
creed. The people from all walks of life and from all corners of Sri
Lanka visit this temple during the Chariot festival and Sri Hanuman
Jayanthy Vizha and pray to Sri Anjaneyar to receive His Divine
Furthermore, during the Chariot or Ther festival the statue of Sri
Anjaneyar is decorated and illuminated and taken along the streets in a
Chariot followed by Poojas and Bhajans. In fact, the Chariot symbolises
human body and the statue of Sri Anjaneyar is the soul. The journey of
the Chariot through the streets symbolises the progress of life.
This shows that throughout his life a man must control and guide his
passions. These passions are the motive powers, the driving force of
life, but unstrained and unguided they will wreck a man’s life. This is
the symbolic meaning of the Chariot festival.
Sri Anjaneyar temple programme
Chariot festival and Sri Hanuman Jayathy Vizha of Sri Anjaneyar
Temple of Colombo, Dehiwela will be conducted on December 26 and 27.
Programmes will be as follows: Tuesday 16 at 8.30 a.m. Sri Maha
Ganapathy Pooja; 17: Navagraha Pooja; 18: Lord Shiva Pooja; Friday, 19:
Lord Murugan, Valli and Theivani Pooja; 20: Sri Nagapoosari Amman, Sri
Vairav Sri Mahakaali Pooja; 21: Sri Thanavantha Pooja; 22: Sri Rama Sri
Lakshmi, Sri Seetha and Sri Anjaneyar Pooja; 23: Sri Maha Vishnu Pooja;
24: Sri Durga, Sri Luxmi, Sri Saraswathy and Sri Kuberaw Pooja; 25: Sri
Panchamuga Anjaneyar Pooja; 26: Chariot festival. The procession will
facilitate devotees to get the Holy blessings.
After returning to temple a special Wasantha Mandaba Pooja will be
continued to the respective deities. 27.12.2008 (Saturday): 5.30 a.m. -
Jayanthy Vizha - Early morning Theerathar ceremony (sea bath), followed
by Sangapirekar special Abisekan using Valampuri Sangh (108 conch
shells) and special pooja. Evening (5.00 p.m.): Vaddaimalai offering to
Sri Panchamuga Anjaneyar. Guru Patha Pooja and Thiru-Uoonjat Pooja.
30.12.2008 (Tuesday): 4.00 p.m. - Vyravar Madai - Early Boolaings
Pooja. Appreciable details can obtain from temple office. Temple
committee has taken necessary steps for the ceremony.
Enters God Murugan into the fold of God Siva
Hindu Mythology speaks of the destruction of the evil called ago
which makes one forget the good and forget God too. The characters who
are embodiments of ego are the Asuras who do a lot of tapes and penance
and receive so many boons from God Himself. Once they get what they
want, they forget the benign God and become fanatical.
Drunk with all the powers bestowed on them by God and feeling there’s
nobody to check them they start ill treating mortals and Devas alike.
Unable to stand the wickedness the Devas and mortals appeal to God Siva
or Lord Krishna to save them.
One such Asura was Surapathman, who went on a rampage inflicting
untold misery on the Devas, Sages and Layman. His wickedness was
unbearable and Indra thought of appealing to God Siva to save them. But
at that time God Siva was in Dyana - meditation and no one, not even His
consort Parvathy dared to disturb Him. Indra told the other Devas they
should request God Siva to create a son who could destroy the evil doer.
But they were worried as to how they could bring God Siva out of His
state of meditation. Finally Indra called for Manmathan - the cupid in
Hindu Mythology to shoot the flower decked arrow and disturb Lord Siva.
Manmathan shivered at the thought of facing the wrath of God Siva
disturbed. He hesitated. Indra and the other Devas persuaded him and he
With trepidation he went to the abode of God Siva and aimed the arrow
at His heart. It struck God Siva as expected. Disturbed from His deep
meditation God Siva slightly opened His third eye and looked at
Manmathan with ire.
Manmathan was reduced to ashes. At this, Rathi, wife of Manmathan
fell at the feet of God Siva and pleaded with Him to bring back her
husband to life. God Siva told her, He would do so, but only he would be
visible to her and not to others. So it happened.
Now Goddess Parvathy had been born as the daughter of a king called
Parvatharajan. She, from infancy prayed to God Siva to marry her and
take her back to Kailas - their abode. Once God Siva’s meditation ended,
He agreed to take Parvathy unto Him as His consort and a great and grand
wedding was arranged.
After the marriage God Siva made consort Parvathy to be on the left
side of His body. While it was so, the Devas led by Indra worshipping
God Siva told Him for the atrocities committed against mortals, Sages
and Devas by Surapathman and beseeched Him to produce a son who would
vanquish the Asura. God Siva agreed to grant them their wish.
Then from His third eye arose six sparks and God Siva commanded Agni-Lord
of Fire and Vayu-Lord of the Wind to take the six sparks and leave it in
the river Ganges. “She will take these to the pond ‘Saravana Poihai’ in
Madurai, in Thamil Nadu. So, Agni and Vayu bore these six sparks and
placed them in the Ganges, who carried them down to Madurai where the
said pond was and is today too. Each spark found a lotus flower to rest
These sparks turned into babies. There were six nymphs called
“Karthigai Penkal” who nursed these babies. God Siva told His consort
Parvathi about the manifestation of the six babies. Goddess Parvathi
hurried down to earth to see them. They were such cherubic babies that
she hugged them all together. Lo and behold - the six babies merged into
one with six faces and twelve hands. Goddess Parvathy and God Siva took
this child with them to Kailas.
Now the Devas who were still suffering by the onslaught of the Asura
went to Kailas and pleaded with God Siva to save them. God Siva smiled
benignly at the young son Murugan and giving Him a spear (Vel), blessed
Him and sent Him to fight Surapathman.
Surapathman was born to Sage Kasipar and Maya. His mother Maya
advised him to perform a Yagam. Surapathman met the Guru of the Asuras -
Suckirachari who blessed him and warned him that when he does Tapas to
gain God Siva’s favour, the devas would try to obstruct him. He told him
a mantra and told him to chant it while meditating on God Siva. God Siva
would be pleased and surely grant Suran all the boons he asked for.
So Suran went northwards and choosing a suitable place settled down
to perform Yagam. Though he did Yagam and then tapas for a number of
years God Siva didn’t appear. He then decided to end his life. He jumped
onto the sharp spear his mother has placed in the Yagam cavity and ended
Seeing him dead, his brothers too decided to end their lives
likewise. At this God Siva felt compassion for the breed. He took the
form of a feeble old man and walked down staggering to their place and
asked Surapathman’s brothers what was happening.
They narrated all that happened and said they had also decided to end
their lives. At this the old man told them not to do so and promised to
bring back Surapathman to life. Then he spread his hair. River Ganges
gushed out and filled the Yagam cavity and Surapathman got up as though
from deep sleep. God Siva revealed Himself-seated on the bull with His
consort Parvathy Devi beside him.
Pleased with the penance, God Siva asked him what he wanted.
Surapathman worshipped and praised Lord Siva and asked for him to be
ruler of the three worlds and give him a strong body that cannot be
He asked for immortality too. Of course in God Siva’s words there’s
loophole which Suran and his brothers failed to notice. “You shall have
all you wanted and you cannot be destroyed by anyone other than one of
our powers.” Satisfied the Asuras worshipped God Siva and praised Him in
so many flattering words.
Thus Murugan, manifested for a purpose to destroy egoistic Asura and
save the Devas, sages and mortals, had to fight a most formidable enemy
whose armour was the words of assurance by God Siva.
Intoxicated by the powers given to him Surapathman and the other
Asuras of his clan went rampant committing every form of atrocity
against the devas, sages and mortals. He subdued Indra and the devas and
made them his slaves. He imprisoned Indra’s son Jeyanthan and tortured
Sri Murugan set out to conquer Surapathman. When the latter heard
that the boy God was coming to fight with him, he laughed. He has got
the boon of immortality and what could a young boy do? However when they
encountered each other and engaged in the war Asura learnt that it was
no small boy up against him.
He therefore tried to win by magic means. He took various forms like
one with elephant face and finally he took the form of a mango tree.
Lord Murugan with the spear split the tree into two halves. Humbled
Surapathman accepted defeat.
One half of the mango tree changed into a peacock and the other half
of the tree was transformed into a cock. Lord Murugan took the peacock
as his vehicle and commanded the cock to be his standard. So ended the
life of Surapathman.
In Murugan temples, six days following Deepavali, are observed as
Kanthasashti - that is six days of fasting for Lord Murugan. The day
after fasting ends, this fight between Lord Murugan and the Asura is
enacted in the temple premises. This mythological story takes place
annually in all Murugan temples. Both children and adults flock around
to watch the drama, called, “Suran Por” - war on Suran.
Lord Murugan has many epithets.
Murugu means beautiful. Murugan means the beautiful one.
As the six sparks were carried by the river Gangadevi, He is called
Kankeyan. As He was nursed by the nymphs “Karthigai Penkal” He is called
As He has six faces - Arumugam or Shanmuka.
As Devi Parvathy brought all six babies together He became
Sivakumaran - the son of God Siva
As he has the Spear (Vel) as his weapon He is Velan, Velayuthan.
As He radiates rays of light He is Kathirgamar.
Kathir - rays
Mayura - peacock
Mayuran - one who rides the peacock
So is Mylvaganan.
Devotees of Lord Muruga choose such epithets to name their male
Kumbabisekam of Sri Iyappan Shetaram at Hinnihappuhamy
Mawatha, Colombo - 13 took place last week
with the participation of a large number of devotees. The
event was organised by the All Ceylon Iyappa Seva Sangam.
Here chief priest Rev. Palani Sivanesha Kurukkal conducting
the special pooja for the Kumbam.
The student of Hindu Religious School affiliated to the
Colombo North Hindu Paripalana Sangam Sing Thewaram
(Religious Song) at the book (Akilam) Launch. The ceremony
was organised by the VP country Educational Development
Foundation held at the Vivekananda Society Hall, Kotahena
A special souvenir published by the Arulmigu Sri Kathir
Velautha Swamy Kovil, Wattegama to mark the Kovil
Mandalabisekam festival was launched at a ceremony held at
the Colombo Tamil Sangam, Wellawatte recently. Here the
maiden copy is being presented by the Deputy Minister P.
Radhakrishnan to Rev. Bramashri Eaganatha Kurukal while Head
of Colombo Kamban Kalagam, Kambavarity E. Jeyaraj and Author
S. Ramadas look on.
The Chief Priest Rev. Bramashri Balakrishna Kurukkal hands
over a kalangi to Mala Sabaratnam, a well-known social
worker, at the “Magarajothy Mandala” pooja ceremony held at
the Shri Gnana Bairawar Devestanam, Colombo-14 last week.
The event was organised in connection with the Sabari Malai
Holy Pilgrimage this year.
Pictures by A. Maduraveeran